According to a report published by the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, more than 31 percent of the country’s young graduates are unemployed. The lack of senior management and the reluctance of senior citizens to promote the brightest Pakistanis to top positions, they feel threatened. More than 60 Pakistanis do not allow talented people aged 20 to 55 to reach top positions in all companies and institutions in Pakistan. 92,000 highly educated young people including doctors, engineers, IT professionals and accountants are also included in this year’s report. The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia received the majority of them.
Pakistan has lost 7,000 engineers, 25,000 doctors, 1,600 nurses, 2,000 computer specialists, 6,500 accountants, 2,600 agricultural experts and 900 teachers due to brain drain this year.
Continuous political unrest, nepotism, military intervention and deepening economic problems have been the main reasons. Thousands of highly educated and professional people have been forced to leave Pakistan due to ongoing political unrest and deep economic problems in the country.
Pakistan is in danger of losing its productive human capital as smart and skilled people are saying goodbye and never considering returning to their country. The term brain drain refers to the departure of people with the highest level of education, experience and professionals in an effort to earn higher income, better living standards, access to leading technology and more stable socio-economic-political environments in different sectors. the world. In addition, it has adverse effects on the country of origin, which includes all sectors, including education, health systems, or the economy.
Brain drain is caused by globalization and transnational corporations (TNCs) and often benefits economies that use these people to compensate for skill shortages. The main purpose of this article is to investigate the reasons for the departure of highly skilled and talented people from Pakistan. Due to its multi-sector effects, this issue is very important for future investors and policy makers.
According to the Immigration Department document, this year alone saw a 300 percent jump in brain drain in the country, with 765,000 people leaving Pakistan for a better life abroad.
Thousands of highly educated and professional people have been forced to leave Pakistan due to ongoing political unrest and deep economic problems in the country. According to the Immigration Department document, this year alone saw a 300 percent jump in brain drain in the country, with 765,000 people leaving Pakistan for a better life abroad.
Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, Malaysia, China, Japan, Turkey, Sudan, Romania, United Kingdom, Spain, Germany, Greece and Italy have been selected by Pakistani experts for the perspective of these countries this year.
The results showed that almost 40,000 children traveled to Europe and other Asian countries while more than 730,000 young people went to Gulf countries. Statistics show that 470,000 Pakistanis have gone to Saudi Arabia for work, while 119,000 have gone to the United Arab Emirates, 77,000 to Oman, 51,634 to Qatar and 2,000 to Kuwait.
We have often heard it at the dinner table and official discussions about the youth of Pakistan and one topic comes up again and again – brain drain from Pakistan. With 63 percent of the country of 220 million under the age of 30, the brain drain represents a significant portion of the population and their discontent with leaving Pakistan, which in turn reflects a deeply flawed system in which Pakistan is able to retain and use Not your best talents. .
While there may be many reasons why young people in Pakistan do not reach their full potential, some of them include lack of opportunities, harsh conditions, unforgiving environment or unsupportive parents. Looking at the numbers, around nine million Pakistanis are currently working abroad, which includes skilled and unskilled labor as well as students going abroad for undergraduate or postgraduate studies.
So it is not surprising when we hear the phrase Pakistan “mein reh k kya karo gay” (what will you do if you stay in Pakistan). These comments are a reminder of the deep discontent and mistrust of the opportunities available at home. If Pakistan can harness its best talent, it can become an industrial powerhouse in the region and help with some deep-seated issues like the balance of payments. and import and export issues.
While the recent investment of two major companies namely, Kleiner Perkins and Nestle, are promising signs of a hopeful future as well as the Serie A funding secured by young Pakistani college graduates, it still goes a long way towards addressing the issues that would (partially) stop the brain drain.